|Obsidian from Mayor Island|
Collection of Western Bay Museum, Ref. 0028
The obsidian was highly prized by Maori for tool and weapon making in pre-colonial times, prior to the introduction of iron by pakeha in the early 1800s. The valuable resources were fought over between various tribes on many occasions. As a result of the export trade, fragments of obsidian, also known as tūhua, may be found scattered along coastlines and sites of habitation throughout the country, and have been excavated from archaeological sites as far afield as Tiwai Point, near Bluff, and the Kermadec Islands.
|Pumice, provenance unknown|
Courtesy of Western Bay Museum, Ref. 0029
Pumice also occurs at Tūhua, for example forming a steep-sided cone at Tutaretare peak, although the provenance of this particular specimen from the museum is unrecorded.
|Tūhua from the north-west, Unknown photographer and date|
Collection of Flora Smith, Courtesy of Tauranga Heritage Collection
|Tuhua (Mayor Island), Bay of Plenty, New Zealand|
NZ Topographical Map 1:63,360 (1 inch to 1 mile) Mayor Island (Tuhua), 1977 edition
Sourced from LINZ. Crown Copyright reserved, Courtesy of National Library of New Zealand
Adams, E.L. (1969) Tuhua (Mayor Island), Ohinemuri Regional History Journal, Vol. 11, May 1969
Houghton, B.F.; Wilson, C.J.N.; Weaver, S.D.; Lanphere, M.A.; Barclay, J. 1995 Volcanic hazards at Mayor Island. [Palmerston North, NZ]: Ministry of Civil Defence. Volcanic hazards information series 6. 23 p.
Leask, A. (2009) Now add Tuhua Island rock to list of bad luck items, New Zealand Herald, 16 August 2009
Pos, H.G. (1961) Tuhua or Mayor Island, Its Importance to Maori History, New Zealand Archaeological Association Newsletter, Vol, 4 (2), March 1961, p. 79-81.
Tuhua (Mayor Island), Department of Conservation guide, brochure and map.
Mayor Island / Tuhua, Wikipedia
Traditional Story: The Struggle Between Tuhua and Pounamu, Tauranga Memories Kete
Traditional Story: Nga Patupaiarehe o Tūhua, Tauranga Memories Kete
NZ Topographical Map 1:63,360 (1 inch to 1 mile) Mayor Island (Tuhua), 1977 edition. Sourced from LINZ. Crown Copyright reserved